Omission of there as an introductory word

Omission of there as an introductory word Don’t Say:Once lived a great king. Say:Once there/There once lived a great king. Note:Use the adverb there to introduce the subject of a sentence in which the verb stands before the subject.

Yes or No in answer to negative questions

Yes or No in answer to negative questions Don’t Say:Question: Didn’t you see the game?. Yes, – that is, I saw it. Say:Answer: No -that is, I did’t see it Note:In answering negative questions. say Yes if the answer is an affirmation, and No if it’s a negative. That is answer without any regard to…

Practise + -ing

Practise + -ing Don’t Say:You must practise to speak English. Say:You must practise speaking English.

Instead of, etc + -ing

Instead of, etc + -ing Don’t Say:He went away instead to wait. Say:He went away instead of waiting.

Married to, not with

Married to, not with Don’t Say:Angela was married with a rich man. Say:Angela was married to a rich man. Note:Also engaged to: Sally was engaged to Peter for a year before they got married.

Exchange for, not by

Exchange for, not by Don’t Say:He exchanged his collection of matchboxes by some foreign stamps. Say:He exchanged his collection of matchboxes for some foreign stamps. Note:In exchange for: He them his old car in exchange for a new one.

Cure of, not from,

Cure of, not from, Don’t Say:The man was cured from his illness. Say:The man was cured of his illness. Note:The noun cure takes for: There is no cure for that disease.

Boast of or about, not for

Boast of or about, not for Don’t Say:James boasted for his strength. Say:James boasted of (or about) his strength.

10 Phrases for Talking about Statistics

1. The crime rate rose.2. The crime rate went up.3. There was a sharp increase in crime. (sharp = sudden and large)4. There was a gradual rise in crime.5. There was a spike in crime. (spike = a sudden increase and then decrease)6. The crime rate reached its peak. (peak = the highest point)7. The…

5 Ways to Say Someone is Smart

1. He’s really sharp.2. She’s brilliant.3. He’s very bright.4. She’s a genius.5. He’s a smart cookie.

5 Ways to Check if the Other Person Understands You

1. Do you understand what I’m saying?2. Does that make sense?3. Do you know what I mean?4. Are you with me so far? (often used in the middle of a long explanation or instructions)5. Is that clear? (often used after giving orders, or expressing disapproval or another negative attitude)

5 Ways to Make a Suggestion

1. How about… [ex. trying something new]?2. Why don’t you… [ex. talk to your boss]?3. Maybe we should… [ex. do more research].4. I’d recommend… [ex. going to the doctor].5. Have you thought about… [ex. buying a new computer]?

10 Ways to Talk about Likes & Dislikes

1. I love… [soccer]2. I’m really into… [soccer]3. I live for… [soccer]4. [soccer] is my thing.5. I’m crazy about… [soccer]6. I’m not a huge fan of… [modern art]7. [Modern art] isn’t my cup of tea.8. I don’t really care for… [modern art]9. I’m not into… [modern art]10. I can’t stand… [modern art] (this phrase expresses…

5 Phrases for Apologizing

1. I’m sorry that… [ex. I was so rude yesterday]2. It’s my fault. (= I am taking responsibility for the problem)3. Oops, sorry.(for very small problems)4. I should have… [ex. called you and told you I’d be late]5. (formal) I apologize for… [ex. the delay]

10 Ways to Say How You Are

1. I’m fine, thanks. How about you?2. Pretty good.3. Not bad.4. Great!5. Couldn’t be better!6. Can’t complain.7. I’ve been busy.8. Same as always.9. Not so great.10. Could be better.

10 Ways to Say Hello & Goodbye

1. Hello2. Hi3. (informal) Hey4. Hi there5. (informal) Howdy6. Bye7. Bye-bye8. (informal) See ya later9. Take care10. Have a good one

Prepositions – Without

1. Without indicates the absence of somebody. I can’t live without you.Please don’t leave without me. 2. Without means not having. Pattern: verb + without + (any) noun That young mother manages without any help. We are without money this month. 3. Without means not using. Pattern: verb + noun + without + nounWe did…

Prepositions – Within

1. Within means not outside a place. Pattern: be + within + nounThose schools are within the county jurisdiction.There is too much commotion within the building. Typical nouns used after within:area, building, city, country, county, jurisdiction, state, territory, walls 2. Within means less than a period of time.I will return within the hour.He will finish…

Prepositions – With

1. With means in the company of. Pattern 1: verb + with + nounShe is with her sister.I danced with him. Typical verbs used before with:be, chat, converse, dance, drink, eat, go, leave, live, play, stay, study, talk, travel, walk, work Pattern 2: verb + noun + with + nounShe spent the weekend with us….

Prepositions – Up

1. Up indicates movement to a higher place. Pattern 1: verb + up + nounThe cat climbed up the tree.She always walks up the steps to the fifth floor. Typical verbs used before up:climb, creep, go, jump, move, pop, race, run, walk Pattern 2: verb + noun + up + nounBring the box up the…

Prepositions – Until

1. Until indicates the time of change of an activity or situation. Pattern 1: verb + until + timeThey waited until six o’clock. The boys studied until midnight. Pattern 2: verb + until + beginning of event They lived here until their wedding; then they left. She was busy until her graduation.They didn’t watch the…

Prepositions – Underneath

1. Underneath means in a lower position than something else.The sheets are underneath the blankets on the shelf. 2. Underneath means covered by.I found my jacket underneath the other coats. 3. Underneath indicates concealed feelings.Underneath her smile there is a lot of heartache.He is really very kind underneath his stern appearance.

Prepositions – Towards

1. Towards means near a period of time. Pattern 1: towards + nounI always feel hungry towards dinnertime. Typical nouns used after towards:dawn, dinnertime, dusk, evening, lunchtime, mid-afternoon, midnight, noon Pattern 2: towards + the + end/middle + of + the + nounWe start getting ready for school towards the end of the summer. Typical…

Prepositions – Toward

1. Toward means in the direction of a place. Pattern 1: verb + toward + nounShe ran toward the playground to see her friends.Let’s head toward the park. Typical verbs:blow, fly, go, head, hike, look, march, move, point, run, sail, turn, walk Pattern 2: verb + noun + toward + nounHe guided us toward the…

Prepositions – To

1. To indicates the destination of a verb. Pattern 1: verb + to + 0 nounI’m going to bed.They ride to school on the bus. Nouns commonly used after to:bed, breakfast, church, dinner, jail, lunch, school, work Exception: go 0 homeIt is time to go home.They went home on the bus. Pattern 2: verb +…

Prepositions – Throughout

1. Throughout means in all parts of a place. There are spiders throughout the building. 2. Throughout means during an entire period of time.She stays at the beach throughout the summer.