Prepositions – Throughout

1. Throughout means in all parts of a place. There are spiders throughout the building. 2. Throughout means during an entire period of time.She stays at the beach throughout the summer.

Prepositions – Through

1. Through indicates passage within something. Pattern: verb + through + nounThe children drank their milkshakes through straws.The highway was closed, and we had to come through the city. Typical nouns used after through: funnel, passage, pipe, straw, tunnel a place—building, city, country, park, state, town 2. Through can indicate a gateway orobstacle between two…

Prepositions – Past

1. Past means beyond. Pattern: be + past + noun referring to ageThe gas station is on your left, just past the shopping center. 2. Past indicates movement in front of and beyond a place. Pattern: verb + past + nounWe drove past your house on our way to the party.They often walk past the…

Prepositions – Over

1. Over means above. Pattern 1: verb + over + noun The plane flew over our building.The pictures were hanging over the sofa. Typical verbs used before over:be, bend, float, fly, hang, hover, lean, look, shine, watch Pattern 2: verb + noun + over + noun She hung the pictures over the sofa. Typical verbs…

Prepositions – Outside

1. Outside (of) means not within. Pattern: verb + outside (of) + nounDon’t worry, the dog is outside (of) the house.

Prepositions – Out

1. Out can indicate removal. Pattern: verb + noun + outPlease take the trash out. Typical verbs used with out:carry, cross, cut, get, kick, leave, move, take, tear, throw 2. Out can indicate distribution. Pattern: verb + noun + outThe teacher told me to hand these papers out. Typical verbs used with out: give, hand,…

Prepositions – On Top Of

1. On top of indicates a position higher than the object. Pattern: verb + on top of + nounThey put the blanket on top of the sheets, and the bedspread on top of the blanket. I’m sure I left my keys on top of the desk. 2. Expression to be on top of something—to be…

Prepositions – On

1. On indicates location higher than something and touching it; on top of. Pattern: on + nounThe newspaper is on the table.Please sign your name on the dotted line. 2. On indicates an outside location. Pattern: on + the + nounHe was standing on the corner of First Street and Maple Avenue.Let’s have a barbecue…

Prepositions – Off

1. Off indicates movement from one place to another. Pattern 1: verb + off + nounThe car ran off the road.We got off the train in New Orleans. Verbs used with this pattern:blow, come, dive, drive, fall, get, go, hop, jump, limp, move, roll, run, slide, slip, walk Expression:to be off (adverb)—to leaveIt’s late, so…

Prepositions – Next To

1. Next to means at the side of.Her best friend sits next to her at the table.I will put my things in the basket next to yours.

Prepositions – Like

1. Like can mean similar to. Pattern: be, look, seem + like + noun She is like her sister.They don’t look like their mother. 2. Like can indicate similar behavior. Pattern: verb + like + nounHe talks like his father.She swims like a duck. Common verbs before like: act, behave, play, sing, talk, walk 3….

Prepositions – Into

1. Into indicates entrance. Pattern 1: verb + into + nounWe went into his office.I drive into the city every day. Typical verbs before into:blow, break, come, drive, fall, fly, gaze, get, go, look, move, walk, run, sail, stare, stomp, storm Pattern 2: verb + noun + into + nounShe poured the juice into the…

Prepositions – Inside

1. Inside means within something else. Pattern: verb + noun + inside + nounThere are some little toy animals inside the box. She put the money inside the envelope. 2. Inside (adverb) means indoors, within a building. It started to rain, so we went inside.

Prepositions – In Front Of

1. In front of means located before or facing something. Pattern 1: noun + in front of + nounThere is a van in front of their house. Pattern 2: verb + in front of + nounThe teacher usually stands in front of the class. He was in front of me in line. 2. In front…

Prepositions – In Back Of

1. In back of means located behind. Pattern 1: noun + in back of + nounThere is a beautiful tree in back of our house. Pattern 2: verb + in back of + nounYour sister sits in back of me in class.

Prepositions – Except

1. Except means excluding.Everyone went to the movies except me. We work every day except Sunday.

Prepositions – Despite/In Spite Of

1. Despite indicates an illogical occurrence.We had a good time despite the bad weather. 2. In spite of has the same meaning and usage as despite. We had a good time in spite of the bad weather.

Prepositions – Close To

1. Close to means near.Your house is close to the metro station. They are sitting close to each other. 2. Close to indicates a very friendly or intimate relationship.She is very close to her older sister. 3. Close to (adverb) can mean almost.I wrote close to fifty invitations this morning.

Prepositions – Beyond

1. Beyond means on the other side of.Our street is beyond the traffic light.If you are traveling west, New Mexico is beyond Texas. 2. Beyond means past the limits of. Pattern 1: be + beyond + noun The sick child was beyond help.That situation is beyond my understanding. Expression:beyond one—not understandable by someone This puzzle…

Prepositions – Besides

1. Besides means excepting.Everyone besides me is at the beach. 2. Besides means in addition to.Besides all of my friends, all of their brothers and sisters are there, too.

Prepositions – Beside

1. Beside means next to. Pattern: verb + beside + nounPlease come over here and sit beside me. Verbs commonly used with this pattern:be, kneel, lie (down), rest, sit (down), sleep, stand, walk, work 2. Expressions beside the point—irrelevantHe always wastes time at our meetings by talking about things that are beside the point. beside…

Prepositions – Beneath

1. Beneath means under and concealed by.My glasses were beneath the newspaper.The daffodils sprouted beneath the snow. 2. Beneath can mean less worthy than.Now that she is rich and famous, she thinks her family is beneath her. 3. Beneath can mean unlikely, because of goodness or pride. Pattern 1: it + be + beneath +…

Prepositions – Below

1. Below means lower in number or degree than.Your body temperature is ninety-seven degrees; it is below normal, which is ninety-eight point six. 2. Below can mean lower in rank or level than.In our company the supervisors are below the directors.Our offices are on the fourth floor; theirs are below ours, on the third floor….

Prepositions – Behind

1. Behind means in the rear of.The trash can is behind the chair.My friend sits behind me in class. 2. Behind can mean less advanced than.Miss Thompson’s class is studying lesson three; the other classes are studying Lesson four. Miss Thompson’s class is behind the other classes. 3. Behind can mean left in the past.He…

Prepositions – Before

1. Before means earlier than.We must leave before four o’clock. 2. Before can mean in a more important position than.She is so ambitious that she puts her job before her family. 3. Before can mean facing.The handsome singer had many adoring fans before him. 4. Before can mean in the future.The bride smiled as she…

Prepositions – Back to/Back From

1. Back to indicates return. Pattern 1: verb + back to + noun of place or timePlease go back to the beginning of your story.The children went back to the museum to see the new exhibit. Verbs often used before back to:crawl, drive, fly, go, hark, jump, look, move, race, run, think, walk Pattern 2:…

Prepositions – At

1. At can indicate location Pattern 1: at + the + place within a city or townThe women are at the supermarket. Nouns commonly used with this pattern:apartment, bus stop, factory, hospital, hotel, house, mall, office, park, parking lot, restaurant, station, store, theater, university Pattern 2: at + an addressShe lives at 3757North 52nd Street,…

Prepositions – As

1. As means in the role of. Pattern 1: verb + as + nounShe is a trained teacher, but she works as a secretary in our office. Typical verbs used before as:act, serve, substitute, volunteer, work Pattern 2: verb + noun + as + nounWe have selected you as the captain of the team. Typical…

Prepositions – Around

1. Around means following a boundary, in a circular direction. Pattern: motion verb + around + nounWe walked around the block. Verbs commonly used before around: drive, fly, race, ride, run, skip, travel, walk Nouns commonly used after around: block, building, house, room, track, world 2. Around (adverb) indicates movement in a circular direction in…