Nouns and pronouns (me, you, her, him, it, them, and us, to name a few) used
in the objective case function as direct objects, indirect objects, and objects
of the preposition.
The direct object is a noun or pronoun that answers the question ‘‘who?’’ or
‘‘what?’’ after an action verb.
➲ You asked me an interesting question. (What did you ask me?—an interesting
question. Thus, question is the direct object.)
➲ The dog drank the water and the lemonade. (What did the dog drink?—
the water and the lemonade. Thus, water and lemonade are the compound
The indirect object is a noun or pronoun that answers the question ‘‘for
whom?’’ or ‘‘to whom?’’ after an action verb. If a sentence includes an indirect
object, itmust also have a direct object.
➲ George brought his mom some groceries. (Mom is the indirect object,
and groceries is the direct object.)
➲ We gave her and him a new car. (The two pronouns, her and him, answer
the question ‘‘to whom?’’ did we give a new car. Therefore, her and him
are the compound indirect objects, and car is the direct object.)
The object of the preposition is a noun or pronoun that usually ends the
phrase begun by the preposition.
➲ Sherry walked into the cafeteria. (The prepositional phrase, into the cafeteria,
includes the object of the preposition, cafeteria.)
➲ They sat beside her and me. (The prepositional phrase, beside her and me,
includes the compound objects of the preposition, her and me.)