The adjective, the third of the eight parts of speech, modifies (qualifies or
limits the meaning of) a noun or pronoun. An adjective can answer any one
of these questions: What kind? Which one? How many? or How much?
In addition to regular adjectives such as tall, muscular, beautiful, and intell-
there are two specific types of adjectives—the proper adjective and the
➲ A proper adjective is formed from a proper noun. Examples of proper
adjectives include French onion soup, the Belgian detective, Orwellian
philosophy, and the Kenyan landscape.
➲ A compound adjective is composed of two or more words. Examples
include part-time referee, eight-foot tree, and fifteen-year-old musician.
➲ Note: Do not hyphenate an adjective preceding an adverb that ends
in -ly. Some of these instances are smartly dressed politician and nicely