To show how they differ in degree or extent, most adjectives and adverbs have three degrees
(or forms)—the positive, the comparative, and the superlative.
One-syllable words form these degrees in a regular way.
➲ The positive degree (or form) is used when an adjective or adverb modifier is not
being compared. The young sister walked with her brother. (Young simply states the
➲ The comparative degree (or form) is used when two people, places, things, or ideas
are compared. Add -er to these words to form the comparative. The younger sister
walked with her father. (The sister’s age is being compared to the age of another
➲The superlative degree (or form) is used when more than two people, places,
things, or ideas are compared. Add -est to these words to form the superlative.
The youngest sister walked with her mother. (The sister’s age is compared to the ages of
at least two other sisters.)
|Positive Degree||Comparative Degree||Superlative Degree||tall||taller||tallest||fast||faster||fastest||large||larger||largest||small||smaller||smallest||light||lighter||lightest|