Present Perfect Simple Tense
have + past participle
things you have done in your life
– Have you ever been to Mexico?
– I’ve tried sushi before. Have you?
– He’s lived in many different countries.
number of times you have done something
– I’ve been to Paris three times.
– How many times have you tried to call her?
– I’ve said it before and I’ll say it again…’
recently completed actions which are important now
– I have some bad news. I’ve lost my job.
– Mam isn’t here. She’s gone to the shop.
– I can’t play football tonight – I’ve hurt my leg.
situations that started in the past and are still true
– I’ve known James for 4 or 5 years.
– She’s been the director of that company since 2007.
– Have you lived in Ireland all your life?
used with key words – yet, still, just, already, ever, never
– Have you finished your studies yet?
– I still haven’t found my keys. Have you seen them?
– Can we watch another film? I’ve already seen that one.
Note: present perfect simple never refers to an action that happened at a specific time in the past
I’ve been to France. but NOT I’ve been to France in 2008.