will

  • Forms
    Will is a ‘modal auxiliary verb’. It has no -s in the third person singular; questions and negatives are made without do: after will, we use an infinitive without to.
      Will the train be on time?
      Contractions are ‘II, won’t.
      Do you think it’ll rain ? It won’t rain.
  • Future
    We can use will as an auxiliary verb when we talk about the future. After / and we. will and shall are both possible with the same meaning.
      I will/shall be happy when this is finished.
      What will you do when you leave school?
  • Willingness and intentions
    We can use will (but not shall) to say that we are willing to do something, or to offer to do something.
      ‘Can somebody help me?’ 7 will ‘ ‘There’s the doorbell. ‘ I’ll go. ‘
      Will can express a firm intention, a promise or a threat.
      I really will stop smoking. III kill her for this.
      We can use won’t to talk about refusal.
      She won’t open the door.
      ‘Give me a kiss. ‘ ‘No, I won’t ‘
      The car won’t start.
      We can use wouldn’t for a past refusal.
      The car wouldn’t start. She wouldn’t open the door.
  • Requests and orders
      We use will you to tell people what to do.
      Will you send me the bill, please? Will you come this way?
      Would you is ‘softer’, more polite.
      Would you send me the bill, please? Would you come this way?
      Will you have . . . ? can be used for offers.
      Will you have some more potatoes? What will you have to drink?
  • Habits and characteristics
    We can use will to talk about habits and characteristic (typical) behaviour.
      She’ll sit talking to herself for hours.
      Would is used for the past.
      On Saturdays, when I was a child, we would all get up early and go fishing.
  • will and want
    Don’t confuse will and want. Wills ‘interpersonal’ — we use it when our wishes affect other people: when we promise, offer, request etc. Want simply describes our wishes. Compare:
      Will you open the window? (an order)
      Do you want to open the window? (a question about somebody’s wishes).
      She won’t tell anybody. (= She refuses to . . .)
      She doesn’t want to tell anybody. (= She prefers not to . . .)