such as / as such

Such as means “like” or “for example”:

  • There are lots of things to see in New York City, such as the Statue of Liberty, Central Park, and Times Square.
  • Many of Paulo Coelho’s books, such as The Alchemist, are famous worldwide.

    Note: “For example” is typically used to start a sentence; “such as” (more formal) and “like” (informal) are used in the middle of the sentence.

    As such is used to avoid repeating information that was recently stated:

  • I’m a working mother, and because I’m a working mother, I don’t have much free time. this is not ideal because we repeat a phrase
  • I’m a working mother, and as such, I don’t have much free time.

    As such can be used at the beginning of a sentence to refer to information stated in the previous sentence:

  • This is the most popular English school in town. As such, it has a waiting list for new students. (As such = As the most popular English school in town.)