the pronoun

The pronoun, the second of the eight parts of speech, is a word that takes the place of a noun. ➲In the sentence, ‘‘Felipe is an intelligent student,’’ the noun, Felipe, can be replaced by the singular pronoun he. Thus, the new sentence reads, ‘‘He is an intelligent student.’’ ➲In the sentence, ‘‘We offered the…

compound subjects part one

A subject is the doer of the action in a sentence. A compound subject has more than one subject. In each of these sentences, the compound subjects are underlined. The catand the mouse ran around the room. Neither the cat nor the mouse heard him. Both the youngsters and the adults enjoyed square dancing. Here…

Transitive and intransitive verbs

A transitive verb is an action verb that has a direct object. Remember that a direct object (a noun or a pronoun) answers the question Whom? or What? after the action verb. Thus, in the sentence, ‘‘The clown threw the toy into the air,’’ the verb, threw, is transitive because (A) it is an action…

the object of the preposition

The object of the preposition is the noun or pronoun that follows a prepo-sition and completes the prepositional phrase. The prepositional phrase can also includemodifiers. In the sentence, ‘‘The orange juice box was in the new refrigerator,’’ the prepositional phrase is ‘‘in the new refrigerator.’’ This phrase answers the question ‘‘Where (is the orange juice…

subject verb agreement situations

Here are some important rules and situations regarding subject verb agreement. ➲ Singular nouns and pronouns use the contraction doesn’t while plural nouns and pronouns use the contraction don’t. This piece doesn’t look like the one we need. (singular noun subject) He doesn’t need to exercise that frequently. (singular pronoun subject) These occasions don’t need…

Active and passive voices

Voice is a verb form that indicates if the sentence’s subject performs or receives an action. There are two types of voice—active voice and passive voice. ➲ If the sentence’s subject performs the action, the sentence is written in the active voice. ‘‘The pilot landed the plane’’ is written in the active voice since the…

The coordinating conjunction

The conjunction, the seventh part of speech, connects words or groups of words. In the sentence, ‘‘The video producer and the singer selected an inter-esting location for the shoot,’’ the conjunction and connects the two nouns producer and singer. Similarly, in the sentence, ‘‘You can swim or jog during the afternoon class,’’ the conjunction or…

the participle and participial phrase

➲ A word that looks like a verb, but functions as an adjective, is a participle. A participle is a type of verbal, a word that is formed from a verb, but functions as another part of speech. Common endings for participles are -ing (reading), -ed (returned), -en (broken), -d (said), -t (lent), and -n…