First Capitalization List

Here are names of people, places, and things to capitalize. This is the first of two lists of names that require capital letters. Albums (Abbey Road, Grease) Awards (Emmys®, Oscars®) Bodies of water (Atlantic Ocean, Lake Superior) Books (The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, the Bible) Buildings and other structures (the Taj Mahal, Empire State Building)…

the adjective

The adjective, the third of the eight parts of speech, modifies (qualifies or limits the meaning of) a noun or pronoun. An adjective can answer any one of these questions: What kind? Which one? How many? or How much? In addition to regular adjectives such as tall, muscular, beautiful, and intell-igent, there are two specific…

Sound alike words part one

The words in these pairs sound alike. Study these quick definitions, and use these words in your writing and speech. board: piece of wood Hillary hammered the pine board. bored: tired of; not interested Were you bored at the movies? brake: the stopping device Push hard on the brake to stop the bike. break: a…

The coordinating conjunction

The conjunction, the seventh part of speech, connects words or groups of words. In the sentence, ‘‘The video producer and the singer selected an inter-esting location for the shoot,’’ the conjunction and connects the two nouns producer and singer. Similarly, in the sentence, ‘‘You can swim or jog during the afternoon class,’’ the conjunction or…

the participle and participial phrase

➲ A word that looks like a verb, but functions as an adjective, is a participle. A participle is a type of verbal, a word that is formed from a verb, but functions as another part of speech. Common endings for participles are -ing (reading), -ed (returned), -en (broken), -d (said), -t (lent), and -n…

the noun adjective pronoun question

When is a specific word a noun? an adjective? a pronoun? Great questions! ➲ Sometimes, a noun is used as an adjective. This is true for the word gar- den in the sentence, “The garden display attracted many visitors” since garden describes the type of display. ➲ Examples of when a noun is a noun…

Sound a like words Part Two

Here are some more paired words that sound the same. Review them, and then use them in your writings and speech. formally: in a refined way He formally asked the girl to the banquet. formerly: in the past The new soldier had formerly lived in Duluth, Minnesota. hear: to use the ears to pick up…

The Apostrophe

Here are useful rules for the apostrophe. Learn them well, and use them in your writing. Use an apostrophe to form the possessive of singular and plural nouns. Add an apostrophe and an s to form the possessive of a singular noun. Joe + ’s = Joe’s car day + ’s = day’s effort flag…