called ‘personal pronouns’. This is not a very good name: these words are used for both persons and things.
- ‘Who’s there?’ Me I’m older than her
- Who’s that?’ It s John Cook. He s a friend of my father’s.’
We use it to refer to nothing, everything and all.
- Nothing happened, did it?
Everything’s all right, isn’t it?
I did all I could, but it wasn’t enough.
- Its ten o’clock.
It’s Monday again.
It rained for three days.
It s thirty degrees.
It’s ten miles to the nearest petrol station.
- It’s terrible — everybody’s got colds, and the central heating isn’t working.
Isn’t it lovely here!
- It s raining.
She loved the picture because it was beautiful. (NOT . . because was beautiful.)
They arrested him and put him in prison.
(NOT . . . put in prison.)
‘Have some chocolate. ‘ ‘No, I don’t like it ‘
(NOT . . . -hdon’t like.)
Note that we do not always put it after I know.
‘It’s getting late.’ I know
- My car is parked outside. (NOT My car it is parked . . .) The boss really makes me angry (not The boss he reah The situation is terrible.
For the use of it as a ‘preparatory subject’ for an infinitive or a clause,
- That’s the girl who lives in the flat upstairs.
(NOT That’s the girl who she lives . . .)
Here’s the money (that) you lent me.
(NOT Here’s the money (that) you lent-it me.)