future: introduction

There are several ways to talk about the future in English.

  • Present tenses
    When we talk about future events which are already decided now, or which we can see now ‘are on the way’, we often use present tenses.
    There are two possibilities: the present progressive , I am… -ing
    and a structure with the present progressive of go I am going to..
    I’m seeing John tomorrow. She’s going to have a baby.
    For more details,
    We can sometimes use the simple present to talk about the future, but only in certain cases.
  • shall/will
    When we are predicting future events which are not already decided or
    obviously ‘on the way’, we usually use shall/will + infinitive
    Nobody will ever know what happened to her. I think Liverpool will win For more details,
  • We can also use shall or will + infinitive
    to express ‘interpersonal1
    meanings: when we are offering, making requests, promising or threatening.
    Shall I open the window? I WILL stop smoking!
    Will you give me a hand for a moment? You’ll be sorry!
    For more details,
  • Other ways of talking about the future
  • future perfect
    By next Christmas we’ll have been here for eight years. future progressive
    This time tomorrow I’ll be lying on the beach, about to
    I think the plane’s about to take off. be to
    The President is to visit Beijing.