all, everybody and everything

  • We do not usually use all alone to mean ‘everybody’.
    Compare:
      All the people stood up.
      Everybody stood up. (NOT All stood up.)
  • All can mean everything, but usually only in the structure all + relative clause ( = all (that) . . .). Compare:
      All (that) I have is yours (OR Everything )
      Everything is yours.(NOT AH-ts yours.)
      She lost all she owned (OR . . . everything she owned)
      She lost everything. (HOT She lost all.)

    This structure often has a rather negative meaning: ‘nothing more’ or ‘the only thing(s)’.

      This is all I’ve got
      All I want is a place to sleep.
      Note the expression That’s all ( = ‘It’s finished’).