Around the home I

Rooms The living room or lounge (= where you sit, relax, talk and watch TV); the dining room- the kitchen; the bedroom(s); and the bathroom(s). ’ Some people also have a study (= room with a desk where you work), a utility room (= a room usually next to the kitchen, where you have a…

The subject misplaced in questions beginning with an interrogative word

The subject misplaced in questions beginning with an interrogative word Don’t Say:Why you were absent last Friday? Say:Why were you absent last Friday? Note:In questions beginning with interigative word like what, when, where, how, place he verb before the subject as in all questions.

Found for Find

Found for Find Don’t Say:Rosie tried to found her lost book, Say:Rosie tried to find her lost book. Note:There is, however, another verb to found, meaning to establish: He founded the school fifty years ago.

else

Else means ‘other’. If you can’t help me I’ll ask somebody else( = some other person.) We use else after: somebody someone, something, somewhere; anybody, anyone etc; everybody everyone etc; nobody, no-one etc; who, what, where, how, why; little and (not) much. Would you like anything else? ‘Harry gave me some perfume for Christmas.’ ‘Oh,…

Describing people’s appearance

General Positive: beautiful is generally used to describe women; handsome is used to describe men; good-looking is used for both; pretty is another positive word to describe a woman (often a girl) meaning ‘attractive and nice to look at’. Negative: ugly is the most negative word to describe someone; plain is more polite. Height and…

bill / invoice / receipt

Bill and invoice both refer to a document that is requiring money to be paid for goods or services provided. In everyday conversation, we usually talk about bills: The electrical company sends you an electrical bill. The phone company sends you a phone bill. After you get treated in a hospital, if you don’t have…

Sound a like words Part Four

Here is the last of the sound-alike words. Study, review, and use them when you can. threw: past tense of to throw The hurler threw his best pitch right down the middle of the plate. through: preposition meaning ‘‘in one side and out the other’’ We walked through the many corridors of the large building….

Proverbs

Speakers tend to use proverbs to comment on a situation, often at the end of a true story someone has told, or in response to some event. As with all idiomatic expressions, they are useful and enjoyable to know and understand, but should be used with care. Warnings/advice/morals – do’s and don’ts Key elements Proverbs…

Wrong use of the with school

Wrong use of the with school Don’t Say:My sister goes to the school. Say:My sister goes to school. Note:Similarly, to leave school means to stop being a student and to leave the school means to go away from the school premises. To go to school means to be a student, while to go to the…

prepositions: expressions without prepositions

(This is a list of important expressions in which we do not use prepositions, or can leave them out.) We do not use prepositions after discuss, marry and lack. We must discuss your plans. She married a friend of her sister’s. He’s clever, but he lacks experience. No preposition before expressions of time beginning next,…

Wrong use of the in the phrase in future (= from now on)

Wrong use of the in the phrase in future (= from now on) Don’t Say:You must be careful in the future. Say:You must be careful in future. Note:In the future means in the time to come: Nobody knows what will happen in the future.

The indirect object misplaced

The indirect object misplaced Don’t Say:I showed to her some of my stamps. Say:I showed some of my stamps to her. Note:The indirect object usually comes first without a preposition I showed her some of my stamps. if the indirect object is preceded by a preposition, place it after the direct object.

guarantee / warranty

The word guarantee just refers to a promise that certain conditions will be fulfilled. We can use it with products, or with things that are not products: All our products come with a 30-day money-back guarantee. I guarantee you will enjoy the experience. We guarantee the accuracy of the information in our reports. A warranty…

could / should / would

Use should and shouldn’t to ask for and give advice and suggestions: “I’ve had a really bad headache for the past week.” “That’s not good – you should go to the doctor.” “I want to make more friends, but I don’t know how.” “First of all, you shouldn’t spend so much time on the computer….

For to used instead of to

For to used instead of to Don’t Say:I came here for to learn English. Say:I came here to learn English.

Furniture

Furniture Don’t Say: Furnitures are often made of wood. Say: Furniture is often made of wood. Note: Furniture is a singular noun and always takes a singular verb and pronoun. A piece of furniture means one thing only.

if only

We can use If only … I to say that we would like things to be different. It means the same as I wish , but is more emphatic. We use the same tenses after if only as after I wish: a. past to talk about the present If only I knew more people! If…

Distances and dimensions

You probably know all the common words for distances and dimensions. In this unit we shall concentrate on derived words and compounds and other connected words/phrases you may not know or be unsure of how to use accurately. Broad and wide and tall and high Wide is more common than broad, e.g. It’s a very…

have (got): possession, relationships etc

We can use have to talk about possession, relationships, illnesses, and the characteristics of people and things (for example in descriptions). We can use do in questions and negatives. They hardly have enough money to live on. Do you have any brothers or sisters? The Prime Minister had a bad cold. My grandmother didn’t have…

Mathematics, etc + singular verb

Mathematics, etc + singular verb Don’t Say:Mathematics are not easy to learn. Say:Mathematics is not easy to learn. Note:The names of sconces and subjects ending m -ies (like mathematics, physics, politics, gymnastics) generally take a singular verb.

Misuse of one and parts of one with the singular

Misuse of one and parts of one with the singular Don’t Say:I read it in one and a half hour. Say:I read it in one and a half hours. Note:In English, use the plural with anything greater than one, even it it’s less than two.

Using the past tense instead of the past perfect

Using the past tense instead of the past perfect Don’t Say:The train already left before I arrived. Say:The train had already left before I arrived. Note:Don’t use the present tense and the past perfect in the same sentence. It would be incorrect to Say: My brother says that he had not gone to the cinema…

conditional

I would/should you would he/she/it would we would/should -+ infinitive without to you would they would Contractions: I’d, you’d, he’d etc; wouldn’t/shouldn’t Structures [would/should + infinitive without to] I would like a drink.[would/should + be + -ing ](progressive conditional) If I was at home now I would be watching TV. [ would/should + have +…

Each and Every

Each and Every Don’t Say: Each child had an apple. Say: Every child had an apple. Note: Each and every are always singular: Each (or every) one of the twenty boys has a book.

Correlative conjunctions misplaced

Correlative conjunctions misplaced Don’t Say:Paul neither speaks English nor French. Say:Paul speaks neither English nor French. Note:Place correlative conjunctions (that is, conjunctions used in pairs, like neither… nor, not only … but also) before words of the same part of speech.

the prepositional phrase

A prepositional phrase begins with a preposition and usually ends with a noun or a pronoun. The prepositional phrase is underlined in each sentence. The elderly man went to the doctor’s office today. In the morning, the elementary school students perform their exercises. These magicians performed many tricks for the children. Tomas walked into the…

Wrong use of the with names of days and months

Wrong use of the with names of days and months Don’t Say:The Sunday can be a day of prayer. The December is the last month. Say:Sunday can be a day of prayer. December is the last month. Note:We say the Sunday before last, the December of 1940, etc. Don’t use The definite article before the…

Misuse of and for even

Misuse of and for even Don’t Say:She doesn’t trust and her friends. Say:She doesn’t trust even her friends. Note:And is a conjunction only, and we can’t use it instead of the adverb even

below / under / beneath / underneath

The word under is the most common. It is usually used for three-dimensional objects: I found my textbook under the bed. The cat is lying under the table. The papers are under that magazine. Under can be used both when the objects are touching (as in the papers and magazine) and when the objects are…

capital / capitol

The word capital, in politics/geography, refers to the town or city that is the official center of a country’s government: Washington D.C. is the capital of the U.S. The word capitol is very specific – it refers to a building or complex of buildings where the government meets to make laws. t The capitol building…