end / finish

When something ends, it means it stops: The semester ends in June. I ended my last relationship because I felt we had nothing in common. When something finishes, it means it is completed: She finished the test and gave it to the teacher. We need to finish painting the house.

do: auxiliary verb

The auxiliary verb do is used in a lot of ways. We use do to make questions with ordinary verbs, but not with auxiliary verbs. Compare: Do you like I Can you / We use do to make negative sentences with ordinary verbs, but not with auxiliary verbs. Compare: I don’t like football. I can’t…

Omission of there as an introductory word

Omission of there as an introductory word Don’t Say:Once lived a great king. Say:Once there/There once lived a great king. Note:Use the adverb there to introduce the subject of a sentence in which the verb stands before the subject.

For and At (Price) – At

For and At (Price) – At Don’t Say:I can’t buy it for such a high price. Say:I can’t buy it at such a high price. Note:If the weight or measure follows fhe price, use af wilh fhe actual sum: That velvet is available at £5 a metre. Use for if the actual sum is mentioned…

For this used instead of for this reason

For this used instead of for this reason Don’t Say:For this he wants to leave. Say:For this reason he wants to leave. Note:The phrase for this is incorrect- Say for this reason or for that reason Also owing to that or because of that.

Mind (object to) + -ing

Mind (object to) + -ing Don’t Say:Would you mind to open the door? Say:Would you mind opening the door?

How to Recover Your English after a Break

“A different language is a different vision of life.”– Federico Fellini I’ve added this chapter in on special request. Learning English is a lifelong adventure. You will go through many periods of learning and then often long periods where you don’t learn or speak any English. In those moments when you haven’t spoken English for many months…

singular and plural: anybody etc

Anybody, anyone, somebody, someone, nobody, no-one, everybody and everyone are used with singular verbs. Is everybody ready?(NOT Are everybody ready?) However, we often use they, them and their to refer to these words, especially in an informal style. If anybody calls, tell them I’m out, but take their name and address. Nobody phoned, did they?…

few / little / less / fewer

Few is used with countable nouns, and little is used with uncountable nouns: I have a little money. (money = uncountable) I have a few dollars. (dollars = countable) There’s little entertainment in this town. (entertainment = uncountable) There are few nightclubs in this town. (nightclubs = countable) ne important detail: little is used with…

then / than

Although these words are spelled differently and have different meanings, in fast spoken English they often sound the same: then and than. Than is used in comparatives: I’m older than my brother. A car is faster than a bicycle. I learned more from my parents than I learned from my teachers. Then is used in…

Depend on or upon, not from

Depend on or upon, not from Don’t Say:It depends from her. Say:It depends on (or upon) her. Note:Rely on or upon I can’t rely on (or upon) him.

reported speech and direct speech

1. There are two ways of telling a person what somebody else said. a. direct speech – SUE: What did Bill say? – PETER: He said ‘I want to go home ‘. b. reported speech – SUE: What did Bill say? – PETER: He said that he wanted to go home. When we use ‘direct…

interested / interesting

In general, with adjectives that have both -ing and -ed forms, use the -ed form to describe how you feel and the -ing form to describe the thing/person/event that causes the feeling: I’m interested in art. I think art is interesting. I’m interesting in art. I’m bored. This movie is boring. Here are other pairs…

Translate into, not to

Translate into, not to Don’t Say:Translate this passage to English. Say:Translate this passage into English.

Best English Learning Resources Online & Apps

“Know what tools you have to fulfill your purpose.”― Steve Maraboli You are such a lucky English learner, because there are so many wonderful resources online to help speed up your learning today. We’ve already mentioned a few amazing resources. Like Skype and Italki.com for speaking daily with native speakers. Vis-Ed.com, Anki App and Google Images for flashcards….

Cause, reason, purpose and result

Cause and reason You probably know how to use words like because, since and as to refer to the cause of or reason for something. Here are some other ways of connecting clauses to express causes and reasons. Note how verbs and nouns can do the same job as conjunctions. Look at the picture of…

reflexive demonstrative and interrogative pronouns

A reflexive pronoun is formed by adding ‘‘-self’’ or ‘‘-selves’’ to a personal pronoun. ➲ Reflexive pronouns include the first-person pronouns, myself and ourselves. The second-person pronouns are yourself and yourselves. The third-person pronouns are himself, herself, itself, and themselves. The young lady carried in all her packages by herself. They relied upon themselves to…

Misuse of coward as an adjective

Misuse of coward as an adjective Don’t Say:She said, ‘You are a coward boy.’ Say:She said, ‘You are a coward.’ Note:Coward (= one without courage) is the noun. The adjective is cowardly.

Wrong repetition of subject

Wrong repetition of subject Don’t Say:My little brother he is at school. Say:My little brother is at school. Note:Never repeat the subject by using a pronoun after the noun My little brother and he denote the same person Therefore, use one or the other as subject, but not both.

Play for Game

Play for Game Don’t Say:They had a nice play of football. Say:They had a nice game of football. Note:Avoid using play in the sense game. Play means amusement He is fond of piay.

Leisure at home

TV, radio, music, video I watch TV every evening, [not I see TV.] Did you watch/see the film about President Kennedy? I listen to the radio every morning, [not I hear the radio. What programmes do you like best on TV and radio? I like watching films on TV. (or I like to watch …)…

Information

Information Don’t Say:Can you give me any informations? Say:Can you give me any information? Note:When we mean only one thing we say an item or a bit of information: He gave me a useful item of information.

Leave for a place, not to a place

Leave for a place, not to a place Don’t Say:They’re leaving to England soon. Say:They’re leaving for England soon.

Phrasal verbs: grammar and style

Grammar: intransitive verbs Some phrasal verbs are intransitive and do not need a direct object. The children are growing up. (= getting older and more mature) The doctor told me to lie down on the bed. Don’t wait out there. Please come in. (= enter) I’m going to stay in (= stay at home) this…

Wrong sequence of moods

Wrong sequence of moods Don’t Say:If you would/’d do me this favour, I will/’ll be very grateful to you. Say:If you would/’d do me this favour, I would/’d be very grateful to you. Or: If you will/’ll do me this favour, I will/’d be very grateful to you.

The indefinite article misplaced with such

The indefinite article misplaced with such Don’t Say:I never met a such good man before. Say:I never met such a good man before. Note:Place the indefinite article a or an after such: such a good man.

Politics and public institutions

Look at the definitions below taken from a dictionary of politics. Make sure you understand not only the words listed but the words used in the definitions too. Types of government – republic: a state governed by representatives and, usually, a president – monarchy: a state ruled by a king or queen – democracy: government…

subject verb agreement situations

Here are some important rules and situations regarding subject verb agreement. ➲ Singular nouns and pronouns use the contraction doesn’t while plural nouns and pronouns use the contraction don’t. This piece doesn’t look like the one we need. (singular noun subject) He doesn’t need to exercise that frequently. (singular pronoun subject) These occasions don’t need…

each and every

We use each to talk about two or more people or things. We use every to talk about three or more. (Instead of ‘every two’ we say both). We say each when we are thinking of people or things separately, one at a time. We say every when we are thinking of people or things…

All not used instead of Not all

All not used instead of Not all Don’t Say:All people are not hard-working. Say:Not all people are hard-working. Note:Similarly, Everybody doesn’t like dancing should be Not evorybody likes dancing. The first sentence is wrong because it makes all people lazy.