In the living room

Things in the living room: Useful prepositions: The sofa is near the window. Next to the sofa is a small table. The TV is in the corner. The coffee table is in the middle of the room. The bookshelf is against the wall. Where’s the telephone book? Under the small table. Things we do in…


Well is an adverb, with the same kind of meaning as the adjective good. Compare: It’s a good car. (adjective) It runs well (adverb) She speaks good English. She speaks English well (NOT She speaks English good ) Note that we cannot say She speaks well English. (Adverbs cannot go between the verb and the…

5 Ways to Say Someone is Wrong

1. I’m afraid that’s not quite right.2. I’m afraid you’re mistaken.3. No, you’ve got it wrong.4. No, that’s all wrong.5. (informal – rude) Baloney. / Bullshit.

should and would

There are really three different verbs. should This verb (/ should/you should/he should etc) is used to talk about obligation, and in some other ways. would This verb (I would/you would/he would etc) can be used to talk about past habits, and to make polite requests. should/would This verb — the conditional auxiliary — has…

similar words

In this list you will find some pairs of words which look or sound similar. Some others (for example lay and lie) are explained in other parts of the book. Look in the Index to find out where. beside and besides Beside = ‘at the side of or ‘by’. Come and sit beside me. Besides…

Using a wrong tense with an improbable condition

Using a wrong tense with an improbable condition Don’t Say:If he would/’d ask me, I would/’d stay. Say:If he asked me, I would/’d stay. Note:Express an improbable condition by the past tense and use the conditional in the main clause. This use of the past tense doesn’t indicate a time but a degree of probability.

Wrong use of the with nature

Wrong use of the with nature Don’t Say:The nature is beautiful in spring. Say:Nature is beautiful in spring. Note:Use the definite article if nature is used in other meanings: If is in the nature of a dog to be faithful.

10 Expressions about Age

1. She’s in her early twenties. (=20-23 years old)2. He’s in his late thirties. (=37-39 years old)3. She just turned six.4. Act your age! (use this when an adult is being immature, acting like a child)5. I’m not as young as I used to be.6. I’m not over the hill yet! (over the hill =…

Omission of how after the verb to know

Omission of how after the verb to know Don’t Say:She knows to play the piano. Say:She knows how to play the piano. Note:After the verb to know the adverb how always comes before an infinitive.

Tear and Tear up – Tear

Tear and Tear up – Tear Don’t Say:John tore up his coat on a nail. Say:John tore his coat on a naii.

British and American English

These two kinds of English are very similar. There are a few differences of grammar and spelling, and rather more differences of vocabulary. Pronunciation is sometimes very different, but most British and American speakers can understand each other. Grammar US He just went home. Do you have a problem? I’ve never really gotten to know…

Clear for Clean

Clear for Clean Don’t Say: You should keep your hands clear. Say: You should keep your hands clean. Note: Clean is the opposite of dirty. Clear means transparent or unfounded: clear water, a clear sky.

guarantee / warranty

The word guarantee just refers to a promise that certain conditions will be fulfilled. We can use it with products, or with things that are not products: All our products come with a 30-day money-back guarantee. I guarantee you will enjoy the experience. We guarantee the accuracy of the information in our reports. A warranty…

Pick and Pick up – Pick

Pick and Pick up – Pick Don’t Say:We picked up flowers in the garden. Say:We picked flowers in the garden.

10 Ways to Respond to “Thank You”

1. You’re welcome.2. No problem.3. No worries.4. Don’t mention it.5. My pleasure.6. Anytime.7. It was the least I could do.8. Glad to help.9. Sure!10. Thank you. (use this when you ALSO have something to thank the other person for)

The indirect object misplaced

The indirect object misplaced Don’t Say:I showed to her some of my stamps. Say:I showed some of my stamps to her. Note:The indirect object usually comes first without a preposition I showed her some of my stamps. if the indirect object is preceded by a preposition, place it after the direct object.

The -s, -es or -ies of the plural form omitted

The -s, -es or -ies of the plural form omitted Don’t Say:I paid six pound for the book. Say:I paid six pounds for the book. Note:The following nouns have irregular plurals: man, men; womsn, women; child, children; ox, oxen; foot, feet; tooth, teeth; goose, geese; mouse, mice.Take care not to leave out the -s, -es…

Regular Comparison of Adjectives and Adverbs

To show how they differ in degree or extent, most adjectives and adverbs have three degrees (or forms)—the positive, the comparative, and the superlative. One-syllable words form these degrees in a regular way. ➲ The positive degree (or form) is used when an adjective or adverb modifier is not being compared. The young sister walked…

no and not

If we want to make a word, expression or clause negative, we use not. Not surprisingly, we missed the train. The students went on strike, but not the teachers. i can see you tomorrow, but not on Thursday I have not received his answer. We can use no with a noun to mean ‘not a’…

Let for Rent and Hired out for Hire – Hire

Let for Rent and Hired out for Hire – Hire Don’t Say:I hired out a surf board when I was in America. Say:I hired a surf board when I was in America. Note:To hire something is to pay to use it, usually for a short time, with one single payment a suit, a bicycle, a…

council / counsel

The noun council refers to a group of people that discusses or decides about a particular subject, or that represents people, or runs an organization. It is like a committee. The city council voted to invest more funds in education. The security council is debating the use of armed guards at shopping centers. The noun…

Each and Every

Each and Every Don’t Say: Each child had an apple. Say: Every child had an apple. Note: Each and every are always singular: Each (or every) one of the twenty boys has a book.

dirty / messy

If an area is messy, it means it is disorganized, with many various objects all over the place. A messy area needs to be organized and things put in their proper places. My desk is so messy – there are piles of documents everywhere. I can’t find anything I need. But if an area is…

Warn (a person) of danger, not about danger

Warn (a person) of danger, not about danger Don’t Say:They were warned about the danger. Say:They were warned of the danger. Note:Use warn about for specific things they warned us about the….in the road. 2.Note: We warn a person against a fault. Ha teacher warned him against breaking the rules.

wary / weary

Wary means “suspicious” or “cautious,” and weary means “very tired.” $1000 for a new car? I’m wary of that offer – it sounds too good to be true. Every parent has days when they become weary. There is a small pronunciation difference between wary and weary: The ar in wary is like in the words…

Put on weight, not put weight

Put on weight, not put weight Don’t Say:I’ve put at least three kilos. Say:I’ve put on at least three kilos. Note:The opposite of to put on weight is to Jose weight: She has lost five kilos.



reported speech: orders, requests, advice etc

We usually use an infinitive structure to report orders, requests, advice and suggestions. [verb + object + infinitive] I told Andrew to be careful. The lady downstairs has asked us to be quiet after nine o’clock. I advise you to think again before you decide which one to buy. The policeman told me not to…

Avoid boring words

Instead of pretty use:  beautiful exquisite lovely gorgeous glamorous stunning attractive handsome  elegant stiking cute fair Instead of smart use : witty bright quick-witted knowledgable intelligent clever  ingenious sharp brainy brilliant gifted wise Instead of big use:  towering enormous huge tremendous large massive great giant gigantic colossal mammoth immense Instead of little use: teeny small…

amoral / immoral

The word immoral means something is against established moral principles: Many religions consider lying and cheating to be immoral. The word amoral means something is completely free from moral considerations -it is neither moral nor immoral. Money itself is amoral – it is simply a tool that can be used for good or for evil.